Excuse my ignorance, but I confuse the two words Fatwa and Fitna, which I’ve been hearing a lot. What do they mean?
Fatwa is an opinion about a religious matter, that is obtained by following rules of Usool-ul-Fiqh, the Islamic juristic discipline of Foundations of Deduction, and given by qualified licensed scholars.
Fitna, on the other hand, is an Arabic word that originates from heating iron to remove its impurities. Concepts such as seduction, sedition, persecution, tumult, and tests of faith are all given the name Fitna because they all test the strength and quality of faith.