Will all believers end up in Paradise?

I had read one of your answers regarding Muslims going to Jannah (Paradise) or not. You had mentioned, that it is Allah (SWT) who decides. Very true. But I had also come across one hadith in Bukhari
1.21:
Narrated Abu Sa`id Al−Khudri: The Prophet said, “When the people of Paradise will enter Paradise and the people of Hell will go to Hell, Allah will order those who have had faith equal to the weight of a grain of mustard seed to be taken out from Hell. So they will be taken out but (by then) they will be blackened (charred). Then they will be put in the river of Haya’ (rain) or Hayat (life) (the Narrator is in doubt as to which is the right term), and they will revive like a grain that grows near the bank of a flood channel. Don’t you see that it comes out yellow and twisted”.

So what does this mean? Does it mean that people who have faith of ONE GOD & don’t do idol worship/don’t equate Allah(SWT) with anyone will go to Jannah?

I have heard that, if your bad deeds exceed your good deeds, then you are put in hell. Is it forever, that a person burns in hell? Or as the above stated Hadith, If the person believes in Allah(SWT) he will get Jannah after getting burned for his sins?

Finally, is it really necessary to follow one madhab (school of thought)? like hanafi or shafi?

Sorry brother, I ask way too many questions. It’s just the curiosity and zeal to learn more. I hope you understand.

JazakAllah Khair

Wa Iyyak (and you too), brother. Feel free to ask as many questions as you like. I only hope I’m able to answer them.

The hadeeth you quoted is authentic and it means that anyone who has the slightest faith will eventually reside in Paradise. Guess who is the only One who knows that?

Thus, it is futile to try and guess who will enter Paradise and who won’t. This is God’s domain. What we are commissioned to do is to obey God in what He told us in the Quran and obey the Prophet (PBUH) in what he authentically told us in the Hadeeth. This requires knowledge of these two sources. Nobody has an excuse nowadays not to know what God and His Messenger have said because that is documented, preserved and widely and freely available in practically all human languages.

We cannot know, nor should we try to know, whether someone’s faith is true or whether someone’s actions please God. What we should try to do instead is to make our faith as sincere as we possibly can and our words and deeds as good and as dedicated to God as best as we can.

As for following a particular school of thought, ask yourself this question: Did the founder of that school receive revelation from God? Was he infallible? The answer is obviously no. Thus, strictly following a school of thought is not required upon Muslims, unless one is unable or unwilling to study the various opinions and pick the one that makes the most sense to him or her. All the founders of schools of thought were pious and knowledgeable. Yet, they differed greatly on many issues. How come? Was it because they thought the other founder was less knowledgeable or less pious? Of course not. They simply saw alternative arguments that seemed to them more meritorious than the other founder’s argument. If God or His Messenger wanted a matter to be settled without disputes, they would have explicitly given the ruling on it. A matter being subject to various interpretations is so by design! All legitimate interpretations of it are meant.

The only people who will not be in Paradise are the people whom God said about that they will “reside in the Fire for eternity”. Pay extra attention – when you read the Quran – to those verses! May God guard our faith, rectify our words and deeds and save us from straying from His Straight Path.

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