Do Muslims believe in the Holy Spirit?

The Quran refers to “the spirit of holiness” four times,

{2:87} And We did give Moses the scripture and followed up after him with messengers. And We gave Jesus, the son of Mary, clear proofs and supported him with the spirit of holiness. Is it [not] so, that every time a messenger came to you (children of Israel) with what you do not desire, you grew arrogant and some [messengers] you belied and some you kill?

{2:253} Those messengers – some of them We caused to exceed others. Among them were those to whom God spoke, and He raised some of them in degree. And We gave Jesus, the son of Mary, clear proofs, and We supported him with the spirit of holiness. If God had willed, those [generations] succeeding them would not have fought each other after the clear proofs had come to them. But they differed, and some of them believed and some of them disbelieved. And if God had willed, they would not have fought each other, but God does what He intends.

{5:110} [The Day] when God will say, “O Jesus, son of Mary, remember My favor upon you and upon your mother when I supported you with the spirit of holiness and you spoke to the people in the cradle and in maturity; and [remember] when I taught you the Book and wisdom and the Torah and the Gospel; and when you designed from clay [what was] like the form of a bird with My permission, then you breathed into it, and it became a bird with My permission; and you healed the blind and the leper with My permission; and when you brought forth the dead with My permission; and when I restrained the Children of Israel from [killing] you when you came to them with clear proofs and those who disbelieved among them said, This is not but obvious magic.”

{16:102} Say, “The spirit of holiness brought it down from your Lord in truth to affirm those who have believed and as guidance and good tidings to the Muslims.”

It is that last verse that proves that the spirit of holiness is the archangel Gabriel, peace be upon him. He is most likely the angel who brought the news to Mary that she will bear Jesus and he is probably the angel who enabled, by God’s permission, all the miracles Jesus performed.

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